Common and Important Ear diseases: Click on the following links for detailed information.
External Ear Diseases:
- Otitis Externa (Swimmer’s Ear): Inflammation or infection of the ear canal.
- Auricular Hematoma: Collection of blood under the skin of the ear, often due to trauma.
- Ear Canal Foreign Bodies: Objects lodged in the ear canal.
- Perichondritis: Infection of the cartilage of the ear.
- Earwax Impaction: Excessive buildup of earwax blocking the ear canal.
Middle Ear Diseases:
- Otitis Media: Infection or inflammation of the middle ear, common in children.
- Otitis Media with Effusion (Glue Ear): Fluid accumulation in the middle ear without infection.
- Cholesteatoma: Abnormal skin growth in the middle ear leading to infection and damage.
- Tympanic Membrane Perforation: A hole in the eardrum, often from infection or trauma.
- Otosclerosis: Abnormal bone growth around the stapes bone, leading to hearing loss.
Internal Ear Diseases:
- Labyrinthitis: Inflammation of the inner ear, causing vertigo and hearing loss.
- Meniere’s Disease: Disorder characterized by recurrent vertigo, hearing loss, and tinnitus.
- Vestibular Neuritis: Inflammation of the vestibular nerve, leading to severe vertigo.
- Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss: Rapid loss of hearing, often of unknown cause.
- Acoustic Neuroma (Vestibular Schwannoma): A benign tumor on the nerve that connects the ear to the brain.
Each of these diseases has distinct causes, symptoms, and treatment approaches. They can affect individuals of all ages and have varying impacts on hearing, balance, and overall ear health.