Headaches are one of the most common medical complaints, defined as pain arising from the head or upper neck of the body. The pain originates from the tissues and structures that surround the skull or brain because the brain itself has no nerves that give rise to the sensation of pain.

The causes of headaches are varied and can be classified into two categories: primary and secondary.

Primary headaches are not due to other underlying medical conditions and include tension headaches (the most common, characterized by a constant ache around the head), migraines (intense, throbbing headaches often accompanied by other symptoms like nausea and sensitivity to light or sound), and cluster headaches (severe, recurrent headaches on one side of the head).

Chronic headaches may require a combination of treatments. It is important to consult a healthcare provider for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan, especially for persistent or severe headaches.

Secondary headaches result from other medical conditions like sinusitis, neck injuries, blood clots, or brain tumors. These headaches may present more suddenly and can be more severe.

Treatment for headaches depends on the type and cause:

  1. Lifestyle Changes: Regular exercise, proper diet, adequate hydration, and sufficient sleep can prevent many headaches.
  2. Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen or aspirin for mild headaches, and prescribed triptans for migraines.
  3. Stress Management: Techniques like meditation or cognitive-behavioral therapy.
  4. Avoiding Triggers: Such as certain foods or lack of sleep for migraines.
  5. Medical Treatment: For secondary headaches, treating the underlying condition.

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