Laryngeal diseases

Important and common diseases affecting the larynx (voice box): Please click the following links for detailed information.

  1. Laryngitis: Inflammation of the larynx, often leading to hoarseness or loss of voice. It can be caused by viral infections, overuse of the voice, or irritation.
  2. Vocal Cord Nodules and Polyps: Noncancerous growths on the vocal cords, typically resulting from overuse or misuse of the voice.
  3. Laryngeal Cancer: A type of cancer that affects the larynx, with symptoms including a persistent sore throat, hoarseness, and difficulty swallowing.
  4. Vocal Cord Paralysis: Loss of function in one or both vocal cords, which can affect speaking, breathing, and swallowing.
  5. Laryngopharyngeal Reflux (LPR): A condition where stomach acid backs up into the throat, causing irritation and symptoms similar to GERD.
  6. Laryngeal Papillomatosis: A rare condition involving benign tumors caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) on the vocal cords.
  7. Laryngeal Stenosis: Narrowing of the larynx, which can be congenital or acquired due to injury, infection, or surgery.
  8. Laryngeal Trauma: Injury to the larynx, which can occur due to accidents, intubation, or other causes.
  9. Spasmodic Dysphonia: A neurological disorder affecting voice muscles in the larynx, causing involuntary spasms that affect speech.
  10. Laryngocele: An abnormal air-filled dilation of the laryngeal saccule that can cause voice changes and airway obstruction.

Each of these conditions can significantly impact voice, breathing, and overall health. Treatment approaches may vary from medical management to surgical interventions, depending on the severity and nature of the disease. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial for effective management.