Paediatric ENT Diseases

Important and common paediatric ENT (Ear, Nose, and Throat) diseases: Please click the following link for detailed information.

Ear Diseases:

  1. Otitis Media (Middle Ear Infection): Very common in children, often associated with fluid buildup behind the eardrum.
  2. Otitis Externa (Swimmer’s Ear): Infection of the outer ear canal.
  3. Hearing Loss: Can be due to various reasons, including congenital issues, infections, or exposure to loud noise.
  4. Earwax Impaction: Excessive buildup of earwax causing discomfort and hearing problems.

Nose Diseases:

  1. Allergic Rhinitis: Commonly known as hay fever, causing sneezing, congestion, and a runny nose.
  2. Nasal Congestion: Often due to colds or sinus infections.
  3. Epistaxis (Nosebleeds): Common in children, usually not serious unless frequent or heavy.

Throat Diseases:

  1. Tonsillitis: Inflammation of the tonsils, often causing sore throat and fever.
  2. Pharyngitis: Inflammation of the throat, which can be viral or bacterial in origin.
  3. Laryngitis: Inflammation of the voice box, often causing hoarseness or loss of voice.
  4. Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Can occur in children, typically due to enlarged tonsils and adenoids.

Other Common Pediatric ENT Issues:

  1. Adenoid Hypertrophy: Enlarged adenoids can cause breathing difficulties and chronic ear problems.
  2. Sinusitis: Infection or inflammation of the sinuses, causing nasal congestion and pain.
  3. Foreign Body in Ear, Nose, or Throat: Common in young children, requiring immediate medical attention.
  4. Speech and Language Disorders: Can be related to hearing issues or other ENT problems.

These conditions are particularly common in pediatric patients and often require specialized care tailored to children. Timely diagnosis and treatment are crucial for effective management and to prevent potential long-term complications.